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BMP-2 Fighting Vehicle

The BMP-2 [BMP = Boyevaya Mashina Pyekhota - Infantry Fighting Vehicle] infantry combat vehicle, fielded in the early 1980's [initially designated BMP 1981], is an improved version of the BMP-1 incorporating major armament changes. The new two-man turret mounts a 30-mm automatic gun with a long thin tube and double-baffle muzzle brake that can be used against aircraft and helicopters. The ATGM launcher on top of the turret can employ either AT-4 SPIGOT or AT-5 SPANDREL missiles, though the AT-5 Spandrel canister is normally mounted. Given the enlarged turret, there are two roof hatches in the rear fighting compartment, rather than the four of the BMP-1, and the the BMP-2 accommodates one less passenger. Each side of the troop compartment has three firing ports with associated roof-mounted periscopes.

The BMP-2 is fully amphibious, and the upper part of the track has a sheet metal cover deeper than that of the BMP-1 which is filled with a buoyancy aid. A French SNPE explosive reactive armor (ERA) kit and others are available for use on the BMP-2. However, during dismounted troop movement, ERA would be a hazard. Thus, passive armor is more likely and ERA application is doubtful. For amphibious use, additional armor application is unlikely. Other options are spall liners, air conditioning, and a more powerful engine. Russian AG-17 30-mm automatic grenade launcher modification is offered for BMP-2. Russian KBP offers a drop-in one-man turret, called Kliver, with a stabilized 2A72 30-mm gun, a 4 Kornet ATGM launcher, thermal sights, a coaxial 7.62-mm MG and improved fire control system. ATGM load consists of one ready on the launcher and four stowed. They are readily accessible, but require hand loading from an open hatch. The AT-5 and AT-5B are more likely than AT-4 and -4B. French-German Flame-V adaptor kit permits the BMP-2 system to launch Milan, Milan-2, and Milan-3 ATGMs.

Thermal sights are available, and the Russian SANOET-1 thermal gunner's sight is available. The Russian Trakt/1PN65 thermal imaging (TI) ATGM night sight is optional. Acquisition range is 2,500 m (NFI). For the launcher in dismount configuration, the Slovenian TS-F ATGM night sight is available and has a detection range of 4,500 m and recognition range of 2,000 m. The Russian Mulat/1PN86 lightweight TI ATGM thermal sight has 3,600 m detection range and 2,000 m identification range.


A number of product improvements were made to the BMP-2 in the late 1980s.


Alternative Designations Yozh (Russia), Sarath (India)
Date of Introduction 1980
Proliferation At least 20 countries
Crew 3
Troop Capacity 7 passengers
Combat Weight (mt) 14.3
Chassis Length Overall (m) 6.72
Height Overall (m) 2.45
Width Overall (m) 3.15
Ground Pressure (kg/cm 2 ) 0.63
Automotive Performance
Engine Type 300-hp Diesel
Cruising Range (km) 600
Speed (km/h)
Max Road 65
Max Off-Road 45
Average Cross-Country 35
Max Swim 7
Fording Depth (m) Amphibious
Radio R-123M transceiver or R-173
Armor, Turret Front (mm) 23-33
Applique Armor (mm) On BMP-2D
Explosive Reactive Armor (mm) Available
Active Protective System N/A
Mineclearing Equipment KMT-8 mine plow available
Self-Entrenching Blade N/A
NBC Protection System Collective
Smoke Equipment 6 smoke grenade launchers, VEESS
Main Armament
Caliber, Type, Name 30-mm automatic gun, 2A42
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 550 cyclic in bursts/ 200-300 practical
Loader Type Dual-belt feed
Ready/Stowed Rounds 500/0
Elevation () -5 to +74
Fire on Move Yes
Auxiliary Weapon
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm (7.62x 54R) machinegun, PKT
Mount Type Turret coax
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,000
Night INA
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 practical/650 cyclic, 2-10 round bursts
ATGM Launcher
Name 9P135M1/M3
Launch Method Tube-launched
Guidance SACLOS
Command Link Wire
Launcher Dismountable Yes
Firing Port 4 on left side, 3 on right side 1 in left rear door
FCS Name BPK-1-42 or BPK-2-42
Main Gun Stabilization 2-plane
Rangefinder Laser
Infrared Searchlight Yes
Sights w/Magnification
Day BPK-1-42 or BPK-2-42
Field of View () 8
Acquisition Range (m) 2,500-4,000 (est)
Night BPK-1-42 or BPK-2-42 II/IR
Field of View () INA
Acquisition Range (m) INA
Commander Fire Main Gun No
Caliber, Type, Name
30-mm AP-T
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,500
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) 18 (RHA, 60) at 1,500 m
30-mm APDS
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 2,000
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) 25 (RHA) at 1,500m
30-mm APFSDS-T M929
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 2,000+
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor penetration (mm) 55 (RHA) at 1,000m/45 at 2,000m
30-mm Frag-HE
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 4,000/ 2,500 point target
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 4,000
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
Other Ammunition Types 30-mm HEI-T
Antitank Guided Missiles
Warhead Type Shaped charge (HEAT)
Armor Penetration (mm) 650 (RHA)
Range (m) 4,000
Name AT-5B/Konkurs-M
Warhead Type Tandem shaped charge (HEAT)
Armor Penetration (mm) 925 (RHA)
Range (m) 4,000
Warhead Type Shaped charge (HEAT)
Armor Penetration (mm) 480 (RHA)
Range (m) 2,000
Name AT-4B/Factoria
Warhead Type Tandem shaped charge (HEAT)
Armor Penetration (mm) 550 (RHA)
Range (m) 2,500

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Maintained by Robert Sherman
Originally created by John Pike
Updated Saturday, June 19, 1999 6:37:33 AM